The genetic information of all organisms (humans, animals, plants, microorganisms) is encoded mainly in the biochemical sequence of the four DNA bases (A, T, C, G). It forms their genome, which in the case of humans is 3-billion-DNA-base-long. To store the extraordinary amount of genomic information in non-digital media, we would need more than 1200 hefty telephone books (1000 pages each). Until recently, more than a day would have been required to "read" just a single page of these books with devices called sequencers, which were the size of a large refrigerator. However, today, a new generation of sequencers (often of the size of a cell phone) can read all these pages in a matter of hours. For the first time, we can resolve fundamental questions about life and use this information for applications in almost all areas of modern life and economy. Bioinformatics is the scientific field that handles this incredible amount of data produced through these new disruptive technologies.
Bioinformatics applications include but are not limited to fields such as:
Health Care | personalized genomics, precision medicine, molecular diagnostics, genetic testing and screening, genomic epidemiology, antimicrobial resistance surveyance and monitoring
Wellness | population genetics, ancestry services, wellness genomics, nutrigenomics
Agriculture | smart agriculture, antibiotic resistance and one health, crop health and sustainability, livestock sustainability, enhancement and health
Biotech Research and Development | novel drug development, testing and diagnostic monitoring services
Environment and Sustainability | wastewater and water system monitoring, toxicology, impact and sustainability tracking and tracing