|Co-operative education consists of alternating academic terms and paid work terms. Co-operative education internship models consist of several co-op work terms back-to-back. In both models, work terms provide experience in a workplace setting related to the student’s field of study. The number of required work terms varies by program; however, the time spent in work terms must be at least 30 per cent of the time spent in academic study for programs over two years in length and 25 per cent of time for programs two years and shorter in length
|Internship consists of one discipline specific (typically full-time), supervised, structured, paid or unpaid, practice placement. Internships may occur in the middle of an academic program or after all academic coursework has been completed and prior to graduation. Internships can be of any length, but are typically 12 to 16 months long.
|Service learning integrates meaningful community service with classroom instruction and critical reflection to enrich the learning experience and strengthen communities. In practice, students work in partnership with a community-based organization to apply their disciplinary knowledge to a challenge identified by the community.
|Field placement provides students with an intensive part-time/short-term hands-on practical experience in a setting relevant to their subject of study. Field placements may not require supervision of a registered or licensed professional and the completed work experience hours are not required for professional certification.
|Mandatory Clinical/Practicum Placement
|Mandatory clinical placement involves work experience under the supervision of an experienced registered or licensed professional (e.g., preceptor) in any discipline that requires practice-based work experience for professional licensure or certification. Practica are generally unpaid and, as the work is done in a supervised setting, typically students do not have their own workload/caseload.
|Students are engaged in research that occurs primarily in workplaces, includes consulting projects, design projects, community-based research projects.
|Allows a student to leverage resources, space, mentorship and/or funding to engage in the early stage development of business start-ups and/or to advance external ideas that address real-world needs for academic credit.
|Intersperses one or two work terms (typically full-time) into an academic program, where work terms provide experience in a workplace setting related to the student’s field of study and/or career goals.
|Apprenticeship is an agreement between a person (an apprentice) who wants to learn a skill and an employer who needs a skilled worker and who is willing to sponsor the apprentice and provide paid related practical experience under the direction of a certified journeyperson in a work environment conducive to learning the tasks, activities and functions of a skilled worker. Apprenticeship combines about 80% at-the-workplace experience with 20% technical classroom training, and depending on the trade, takes about 2-5 years to complete. Both the workplace experience and the technical training are essential components of the learning experience.